Burma, Thailand Sign Dawei MoU – The Irrawaddy

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Burma President Thein Sein and Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra outside Thailand’s Government House earlier Monday (Photo: Simon Roughneen)

BANGKOK – In his first visit to next-door Thailand as President, Thein Sein today signed three MOUs aimed at tightening the growing economic links between the two countries.

The MOUs focus on the Dawei/Tavoy deep sea port on Burma’s southwest coast, on development cooperation in Burma and on joint energy sector projects.

In a brief press conference earlier on Monday at Thailand’s Government House, Thein Sein thanked Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra for her country’s “ongoing support for political and economic reforms.”

Questions were not permitted at the event, during which the Thai PM did most of the talking and which centred around economic issues. Yingluck thanked Thein Sein for his “reaffirmed commitment to Dawei,” the multi-billion-dollar port and special economic zone which is being developed by Thai conglomerate Italian-Thai Development ITD but about which doubts have emerged in recent months, amid concerns that ITD is struggling to raise the backing and finance needed to make the project happen.

Burmese officials have publicly questioned the viability of Dawei, with other port and economic zone projects under development inside the country, such as at Kyaukpyu near the Shwe Gas pipeline and Thilawa outside Rangoon, while India is backing a new port and jetty at Sittwe in conflict-ridden Arakan state.

Nonetheless, “both sides agreed to build connectivity between Dawei and Laem Chabang,” said Yingluck, referring to the port 100 km southeast of Bangkok which Thein Sein visited on Sunday, and which will be linked to Dawei by road, according to current plans.

During his visit to Laem Chabang on Sunday, Thein Sein was briefed by Thailand’s Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (ONESDB) on the port and on possible benefits of the Dawei-Laem Chabang link.

Two-way trade between the two countries was US$4.5bn for 2011-12, leaving Thailand as Burma’s second-largest trade partner after China

The Thai PM proposed opening three additional border crossings between the two countries, one near Thailand’s second city Chiang Mai, one near Mae Hong Song and another near Kanchanaburi and the Dawei-Laem Chabang.

No mention was made of the 140,000 or so Burmese refugees living in camps on the Thai side of the 2,300-kilometer (1,300-mile) border, amid cutbacks by western donors which could prompt some of the refugees to return to Burma prematurely, to areas close to Thailand that are heavily-mined and have been site of on-off fighting between ethnic militias and the Burmese army.

The Thai government, however, pledged to “take care of the Myanmar labour in Thailand in a just manner and according to Thai law,” according to PM Yingluck. There are 2-3 million Burmese migrant workers in Thailand, most of whom work in low-paid menial jobs in sectors such as fishing and construction.

Trafficking of Burmese labour is common, however, and recent years have seen frequent revelations from Burmese alleging slavery and mistreatment at the hands of Thai employers and Burmese traffickers.

Meanwhile, 92 Thais who were arrested in Kawthaung in Burma on July 4 will appear before a Burmese court on July 27. The issue was not raised at the press conference but according to Thai officials, PM Yingluck was set to discuss the fate of the 92 separately with Thein Sein.

Burma President Thein Sein and Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra address media at Thailand’s Government House earlier Monday (Photo: Simon Roughneen)

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